The topics in this theme describe the key drivers of human caused change in the environment - population growth and economic trends. Growth in population is the main driver that can present challenges to maintain the condition of the environment.

Drivers Theme (World globe) icon

Drivers overview

For an overview of this theme, including Aboriginal perspectives click on the heading.

Population Topic (People) icon


The NSW population has increased at an annual average growth rate of 1.4% between 2015 and 2020.

Economics and Environment Topic (Currency and Flora) icon

Economic Activity and the Environment

A steady reduction in resource dependency and lower carbon emissions from energy production are two areas where economic growth does not have to be achieved at the expense of the environment.