The topics in this theme describe the key drivers of human caused change in the environment - population growth and economic trends. Growth in population is the main driver that is presenting challenges to maintain the condition of the environment.

Population Topic (People) icon


The NSW population continues to increase; between 2012 and 2017 the annual average growth rate was 1.5%. Population growth is a key driver of human-caused changes to the environment.

Economics and Environment Topic (Currency and Flora) icon

Economic Activity and the Environment

The NSW economy is shifting to a less resource-intensive, services-based economy.