The topics in this theme describe how water resources are used in NSW and the condition of freshwater and marine ecosystems.

Water and Marine Theme (sea waves and droplet) icon

Water and Marine overview

For an overview of this theme, including Aboriginal perspectives click on the heading.

Water Resources Topic (2 droplets) icon

Water Resources

The period 2018 to 2020 encompassed some of the most extreme weather ever experienced. Water extraction fell quickly and significantly less environmental water was delivered into inland rivers.

River Health Topic (River in valley) icon

River Health

The overall condition of rivers across NSW is rated as moderate.

Wetlands Topic (Wetland Reeds) icon


A return to drier weather conditions from 2017 affected the health of some wetland areas and reduced opportunities for waterbird breeding.

Groundwater Topic (Groundwater pump) icon


Overall average annual extraction from metered groundwater sources in NSW is being managed under the compliance rules in water sharing plans.

Coastal, Estuarine and Marine Topic (Sailing Boat on water) icon

Coastal, Estuarine and Marine Ecosystems

Water quality and ecosystem health in marine and beach environments are generally good.