The topics in this theme describe the condition of our land and its ability to provide ecosystem services and suitable habitat for native species and ecosystems.
For an overview of this theme, including Aboriginal perspectives click on the heading.
Soil condition and productivity are declining across NSW due to increasing acidification and the continuing decline of soil organic carbon in agricultural soils from the intensification of land use
Following the Black Summer bushfires it is estimated 31% of the ecological carrying capacity of native vegetation in NSW remains, compared to pre-European settlement.
The NSW terrestrial reserve system covers about 7.59 million hectares or approximately 9.6% of the state.
The 2019–20 Black Summer fire season was the most severe ever recorded in NSW, and as the climate warms and dries such fire patterns are likely to become more frequent.