Population has grown at about 1.5% per annum over the past 5 years and is the main driver of environmental issues. 

Since 1990, the NSW economy has grown by 2.6% a year, but over the past 10 years levels of resource use have dropped. 

The economy has shifted from a resource intensive industry base, to now be 70% services-based.

Energy use has dropped by 6% since 2012-13 and there has been strong growth in the uptake of renewable sources of electricity.

The use of energy for transport continues to rise at a steady rate in line with population.

Litter has dropped by 37% over the past 5 years and recycling of waste has increased.

The effects of climate change, especially increases in temperature, are already being felt, but will become more intense in the future.

NSW greenhouse gas emissions peaked in 2007 and are now 18.7% lower than 2005 levels. 

Air quality is generally good but ozone and particles continue to pose a health concern in some regions.

Soil resources in NSW are generally in a moderate condition. Declines are mainly due to acidification caused by intensified land use.

Native vegetation covers 61% of NSW. The latest reported clearing rate in 2014–15 was 14,700 hectares/year.

The public reserve system covers 7.59 million hectares or around 9.5% of land in NSW.

The number of species considered at risk of extinction continues to rise. There are currently 1025 species listed as threatened in NSW.

However, the conservation status of 64% of land-based vertebrates is presently not threatened.

Invasive species are a major threat and are widespread across land and aquatic environments.

The share of water for protecting the aquatic environment is growing.

Drought conditions are intensifying. The overall condition of rivers is moderate but waterbirds and fish communities are in poor condition.

The marine and coastal environments are in good condition overall, but estuaries are more variable.