The topics in this theme cover issues that arise in ensuring a clean and healthy environment for the community of NSW and to enhance its living conditions and lifestyle.


The demand for transport has increased as the population grows. Total vehicle kilometres travelled has increased but levels per person have dropped.

Graphic of train

Public transport trips accounted for


of all weekday trips in Sydney in 2016–17, compared to about 11% in 2007–08

Waste and recycling

Waste and Recycling

In 2014–15, total waste generated in NSW continued to fall, since it peaked in 2010–11 at over 17 million tonnes.

Person using bin graphic

Litter volume down by

Green Down


against the 2013–14 benchmark

Contaminated Sites

Contaminated sites continue to be notified at a steady rate, but the total number of sites being regulated has decreased slightly.

EPA Regulation

Significantly contaminated sites


sites regulated by the EPA between 1997 and 2017

Urban water

Urban Water Supply

Per person water demand has been stable in Greater Sydney and declining elsewhere. There has been 100% compliance with drinking water guidelines.

Tap graphic

Water use per person per day

306 litres

Stable overall since 2009